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ASO Review

WHAT IS THE ASO REVIEW?

The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) is one of the supporting organizations affiliated with ICANN. The purpose of the ASO is to review and develop recommendations on Internet Protocol (IP) address policy and to advise the ICANN Board.

Under the ICANN Bylaws, all supporting organizations must conduct a periodic review of their operation. The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is responsible for conducting this review of the ASO and has granted the independent review of the ASO to ITEMS International, a consultancy firm specializing in strategic consulting in the areas of telecommunications and the Internet, who published its final report with their findings of the ASO review on 8 August 2017.

The report outlines 18 recommendations which the NRO has resolved to accept. The first 17 recommendations are well-defined and practical, and can be implemented by actions of the NRO Secretariat, or of the ASO Address Council (ASO AC), with respect to administrative procedures, documentation, or in some cases adjustments to agreements established by the ASO. These actions are expected to be non-controversial.

The 18th recommendation is that “The NRO should initiate a public consultation, involving the five RIR communities, to determine the future structure of the ASO.” The NRO Executive Council has decided to accept this final recommendation.

DECISION OF THE LACNIC BOARD

Regarding the 18th recommendation, the LACNIC Board http://www.lacnic.net/2073/1/lacnic/comentarios-del-directorio-de-lacnic-sobre-las-recomendaciones-de-la-revision-de-la-aso considers that the ASO structure and/or procedures require adjustments to clarify some of the issues brought up by ITEMS in its final report.

However, rather than a binary choice (change nothing vs. change everything) in each of the four categories defined by ITEMS (ICANN Bylaws, ASO MoU, ASO AC Rules of Procedure, ASO Website), the LACNIC Board finds a broader spectrum of choices and believes that required adjustments are much closer to minor, low-complexity changes.

Consequently, whatever the conclusion of this process may be and in the understanding that some adjustments will be implemented, such changes should follow the original expectations of the community to manage Internet numbers in an efficient and effective way.
 
For the reasons above, the LACNIC Board has decided to launch this consultation process and is inviting the community to submit their recommendations through the channels identified in the consultation.

COMMUNITY CONSULTATION
WHAT DOES THE PROCESS LOOK LIKE IN OUR REGION?

The purpose of the consultation is to review the structural implications of the issues identified in the ASO review conducted by ITEMS, including but not limited to:

  1. Any updates and adjustments identified as required for ASO-related documents
  2. Any procedural clarifications and adjustments identified
  3. Reported confusion of roles between ASO and NRO, and their components
  4. Perceived complexity of relationships among NRO, ASO and ICANN
  5. Relevance and cost to the RIRs of various ICANN engagement activities

The following aspects are outside the scope of this consultation:

  1. The Global Policy Development Process (GPDP)
  2. The role of the ASO AC with regards to the GPDP

The consultation consists of information sessions, engagement at different levels, and at least two formal instances to receive the contributions from the community.

  1. Starting on 16 April, a mailing list will be provided to encourage the discussion of the role and functions of the ASO.
  2. On 23 April, a webinar will be held with the participation of Oscar Robles, LACNIC CEO, and other members of the community who will offer detailed information on the ASO review and encourage interactions among everyone interested in the issue.
  3. On 2 May, a plenary session will be held within the framework of LACNIC 29 with a panel of noted speakers. Remote participation in the consultation will be available. Video
  4. On 7-26 May, an online consultation will be conducted based on the results of the face-to-face consultation held during LACNIC 29 to allow community members to submit further contributions in an open and transparent manner.

Only contributions submitted during the face-to-face and online consultations will be recorded as an official part of the process. An official record of those submitting the contributions will be required (name and email address or other contact details).

OUTCOMES

After the debates described above, the expected outcomes of the consultation are one or more consensual and representative proposals from the community on the role, function and future structure of the ASO within ICANN. At global level, it is expected that the future structure of the ASO will be determined collectively among the communities of the five RIRs through the regular bottom-up consensus process.

MAJOR MILESTONES

Launching of the discussion list asoreview@lacnic.net - 16 April 2018
Webinar: Information session on the ASO Review - 23 April 2018 at 17:00 UTC.
In-person information session during LACNIC 29 - 02 May 2018 from 20:40 to 21:00 UTC (15:40-16:00 UTC-5 - Room I-IV, Hard Rock Hotel Panama)
In-person consultation during LACNIC 29 - 02 May 2018 from 21:30 to 23:00 UTC (16:30-18:00 UTC-5 - Room VI, Hard Rock Hotel Panama).
Launching of the online consultation - 07 to 26 May 2018

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What is the ASO?
The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) is one of the supporting organizations affiliated with ICANN. It was formally established on 19 October 1999 when the heads of APNIC, ARIN, and the RIPE NCC, the three existing Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with ICANN.

What is the ASO Address Council (ASO AC)?
The ASO Advisory Council (ASO AC) is responsible for the organizational roles of the ASO. The ASO AC is comprised of fifteen volunteers, three from each of the five RIR communities. Ricardo Patara, Jorge Villa, and Hartmut Glaser are the LACNIC region representatives currently serving on the ASO AC.

What are the ASO AC’s responsibilities?
The ASO AC’s responsibilities include:
- Undertaking a role in the global policy development process.
- Defining procedures for the selection of individuals to serve on other ICANN bodies. Thus, the ASO AC selects two members of the ICANN Board.
- Providing advice to the ICANN Board on number resource allocation policy.

What is the NRO?
The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is a coordinating body for the five RIRs that manage the distribution of Internet number resources (IP addresses and Autonomous System Numbers). Each RIR consists of the Internet community in its region. While the ASO represents the numbers community within ICANN, the NRO represents the numbers community before the RIRs.

What is the NRO NC?
Under the terms of the ASO MoU, the NRO Numbers Council (NRO NC) performs the role of the ASO AC and oversees recommendations on IP address policy, including the management of policy development activities, and appoints members to the ICANN Board of Directors. These are the same individuals as the ASO AC, who are elected by their respective communities.

What is the NRO EC?
The NRO Executive Council (NRO EC) manages the activities of the NRO. The NRO EC is comprised by the chief executives of the five RIRs, with EC positions rotating annually. The NRO EC represents the RIRs in the matters delegated to the NRO by the RIRs, and dedicates resources to support the activities of the NRO provided there is unanimous approval among its members.

What is the ASO AC’s relationship with the RIRs??
The ASO AC, whose members are elected by the RIR communities and appointed by the RIRs’ governing bodies, carry out the function of the ASO. The RIRs as the Number Resource Organization (NRO) provide secretariat support for the ASO.

What is the relationship between the NRO EC and the ASO AC? What is the difference between these two bodies?
The NRO EC has a role in the global policy development process. The NRO EC lets the ASO AC know that a global policy proposal has been adopted in the five RIRs. The NRO EC replies to the ASO AC regarding the policy development process, and requests additional time to review proposals. Likewise, the NRO EC must approve any amendment to the ASO's operating procedures.

What does the ASO AC do during ICANN meetings?
The ASO AC represents the numbers community at ICANN meetings.

What is the ASO review?
All ICANN bodies must conduct a periodic review of their operating mechanisms and performance. With reference to the provisions of Article IV, Section 4 of the ICANN Bylaws, the NRO shall provide its own review mechanisms, with emphasis on the effectiveness of the ASO within ICANN's structure.

When did the previous reviews take place?
The first independent review of the Address Supporting Organization (ASO) took place in 2011, while the second review took place in 2017. The current consultation was initiated in response to a recommendation of the latter.

What was the focus of the latest review conducted in 2017? What were its outcomes?
The NRO granted the latest independent review of the ASO to ITEMS International, a consultancy firm specializing in strategic consulting in the areas of telecommunications and the Internet, who published its final report with their findings of the ASO review on 8 August 2017. The objective of the review was to determine whether the ASO has a continuing purpose in the ICANN structure, and if so, whether any change in structure or operations of the ASO is desirable to improve its effectiveness in the ICANN structure. The review also served to determine whether the ASO is accountable to the numbers community when carrying out its responsibilities.

The final report provided 18 recommendations which the NRO accepted. The first 17 recommendations are well-defined and can be implemented by actions of the NRO Secretariat, or of the ASO ASO AC, with respect to administrative procedures, documentation, and non-controversial adjustments to basic agreements. The 18th recommendation highlights the need to initiate a public consultation in the five RIR communities to determine the future structure of the ASO.

What does the 18th recommendation mean for the LACNIC community?
Recommendation No. 18 led to the launching of this consultation, which is scheduled to begin with open debates on a discussion list starting on 16 April; an information sessions with a webinar to be held on 23 April and a panel on 2 May within the framework of LACNIC 29; a face-to-face consultation on May 2 also within the framework of LACNIC 29; an online consultation on 7-26 May; and a final webinar on 20 May to inform the community of the outcomes of each activity.

Who can participate in this process?
Anyone interested in numbers community governance issues can participate.

What are the next steps after the consultation?
After the consultation, a team comprising LACNIC staff and members of the community will prepare a final report that will detail, among other things, the outcomes of the consultation and the region's final proposal. The LACNIC Board will ratify the report before submitting it to the NRO for collective consideration along with the proposals submitted by the other RIR communities.

Why is this consultation important for the LACNIC community?
The consultation is important for the LACNIC community as it offers the chance to contribute recommendations regarding the future structure of the ASO. In addition, to achieve one or more consensual and representative proposals from the LACNIC community, so they can be added to the contributions of the other RIR communities.

Who can I contact to submit a contribution or find the answer to a specific question?
For more information or if you have a specific question, please write to asoreview@lacnic.net

How can I get involved in this process?
There are many ways you can participate in this process, including:
Subscribe to the discussion list: https://bit.ly/2HI4bvU
Register for and participate in the first webinar (in Spanish)
Participate, either in person or remotely, in the information session on the ASO review during LACNIC 29
Participate, either in person or remotely, in the face-to-face consultation during LACNIC 29
Participate on the online consultation to be held on 7-26 May
 

USEFUL LINKS:

ASO 
NRO
ASO Independent Review 2017
NRO EC and ASO AC Joint Response to the 2017 Independent ASO Review Recommendations

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