General Information on Panama

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  • Language: Panama's official language is Spanish, but many Panamanians can also speak English.
  • Currency: USD.
  • Climate: Panama has a tropical climate. Temperatures are uniformly high, with little seasonal variation.  Average temperature is 27°C.
  • Time Zone: EST (UTC−5).
  • Shopping Hours: Shops are usually open Monday through Saturday from 9:00 am to 6 p.m. Some are also open on Sundays.
  • Tipping: 10% to 15% gratuity is considered appropriate.
  • Driver's License: Visitors may drive up to 90 days using their foreign driver's license.
  • Electricity: 110 and 220 Volts; 60 Hz. For more information, go to https:
  • Visa: To find out whether you need a visa and how to obtain one, go to
  • Airlines: Copa Airlines, Continental Airlines, American Airlines, and Iberia have several daily flights to Panama.