Daily Recap

Latin American and Caribbean Network Operators Forum
The Latin American and Caribbean Network Operators Forum continued during the morning of Thursday 29 September.

First, Andrés Pavez (ICANN) presented the "Plan for Root Zone KSK Rollover and Management." Then Carlos Martínez (LACNIC) presented "Slaving the Root Zone" and Agustín Formoso (LACNIC) presented "Looking for Network Latency Clusters in the LAC Region."

Finally, Julimar Lunguinho Mendes (NIC.br) presented a report on the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games prepared by by IX.br (PTT.br).

The meeting of the Latin American and Caribbean Association of Internet Exchange Point Operators continued today with closed sessions.

LACNIC Sessions
After lunch, participants met for "IP Geolocation. A Solution or a Problem?" – a panel that included Carlos Martínez (LACNIC), Owen Delong (Akamai) and Wilson Rogerio Lopes (Itaú) and was moderated by Ricardo Patara (NIC.br/CGI.br). The panel discussed various aspects of this technology, its uses, actors involved, potential problems and possible actions.

The collaborative DNS Space – LACNIC-LACTLD-ISOC-LAC-IX – began at 4:00 pm. Among others, the following topics were addressed:

Update on the Root Zone KSK Rollover, by Carlos Martínez (LACNIC)
Update on the DNS Observatory, by Hugo Salgado (NIC Chile)
LACTLD Anycast Cloud, by Fred Neves (NIC Brasil)
Joint ccTLD and IXP Experiences, by NIC.BR, NIC.CR, NIC.PY and LAC-IX representatives
Root Server Deployment Initiatives in LAC - LACNIC - ICANN, by Guillermo Cicileo (LACNIC and TBA)
Update on the OpenDNSSEC Project, by Berry Van Halderen
In the afternoon, participants filled the room for the Peering tutorial presented by Arturo Servín (Google) and Guillermo Cicileo (LACNIC). This tutorial analyzed various technical and commercial aspects of Traffic Exchange, Peering and CDNs.

Specific topics addressed during the workshop included how, who with and where to implement peering relationships, what type of traffic exchanges to use, how to analyze network traffic in order to make better interconnection decisions, where to register peering sites and polices, and best practices for using BGP for peering.

To conclude, Carlos Martínez (LACNIC) gave a presentation titled "Root Zone KSK Rollover and ZSK Length Increase."

Several parallel activities took place this Wednesday, 28 September:

Latin American and Caribbean Network Operators Forum  
At 9:00 am, participants met for the opening ceremony of the Latin American and Caribbean Network Operators Forum. 

Presentations on various technical topics were scheduled during the day. First, keynote speaker Russ White (Linkedin) shared his presentation titled "Engineers vs. Complexity."

On the topic of IPv6, Alejandro Acosta (LACNIC) introduced attendees to Dr. IPv6, the podcast system that allows sending questions to dr.ipv6@lacnic.net about any topic related to IPv6 deployment. Jordi Palet Martínez (Consulintel) then presented How are we deploying IPv6?, while Carlos Martínez (LACNIC) spoke about IPv6 Prefix Size Distribution in LATAM.

Technical presentations continued until noon and resumed in the afternoon:

IETF Routing Area update, by Álvaro Retana
BGP Security: Where Are We? What Are We Trying to Do?, by Russ White (LinkedIn)
Advanced Segment Routing, by Enrique Dávila (CISCO)
SDN: From Concept to Network Reality, by Brian Foust (NTT)
Connectivity in Latin America, by Anahí Rebatta (TeleGeography)
Meeting of Latin American and Caribbean Computer Security Incident Response Teams
This meeting has become a workspace where Latin American and Caribbean actors come together to share security-related issues. This time, 32 participants attended the meeting, which also welcomed visitors from Spamhaus and M3AAWG.

By sharing of knowledge among participants, this meeting seeks to strengthen the region in terms of computer security incident prevention and impact mitigation.

LAC-IX Meeting
LAC-IX has consolidated itself as a workspace for Latin American and Caribbean Internet Exchange Point Operators to share their experiences on topics of interest to the IXP community.

A round table was held and topics such the current and future demands of IXP members, the role of IXPs in name resolution and IXP models were discussed, among other varied lectures by different experts.

IPv6 in Public Administration
The Rivera Velasquez Room hosted this session, during which speakers presented the progress achieved in deploying IPv6 in government networks. Highlights included the participation of Mr. Edwin Estrada, Costa Rica's Vice Minister of Telecommunications, who lectured on IPv6 in the National Plan for Telecommunications Development, its progress and achievements in Costa Rica. Then Juan Carlos Alonso (LACNIC) presented "IPv6 for Decision Makers in Public Administration" and shared the importance of IPv6, statistics and success stories. Rosa Zuñiga and Elidier Moya (MICITT) then spoke of the progress made towards achieving the goals of the National Telecommunications Development Plan. To conclude, Jordi Palet (Consulintel) spoke about Best practices for Implementing IPv6 in Government Networks."

The day ended with a social event at the Costa Rica National Stadium, the largest and most modern sports complex in Central America and the Caribbean.

Tuesday 27 September began with the LACNIC26- LACNOG16 opening ceremony.
The opening ceremony was attended by:

Wardner Maia, President of the LACNIC Board
Rogerio Mariano, President of the LACNOG Board
Marcelo Jenkins Coronas, Minister of Science and Technology of Costa Rica
Walter Fernández, Member of the Board at NIC Costa Rica and Vice President of the National Academy of Sciences.
The Internet of Things
Some of today's highlights revolved around the Internet of Things.

Keynote speaker Carsten Bormann (Universität Bremen TZI) was in charge of the presentation on this topic, followed by the panel on the Internet of Things: ¿Are we Ready?, which sought to identify and analyze the main considerations involved in deploying the Internet of Things (IoT), the progress achieved in solving security issues, the development of standards, regulations, legislation, etc. The panel also analyzed the regulatory implications of integrating this technology into routine household chores, complex production processes, personal health services, and the automation of different tasks in benefit of a specific population or country. Gabriel Montenegro (Microsoft), Inés Robles (IETF), Daniel Ríos (AT&T), Gonzalo Navarro (ALAI), Angélica Chinchilla (MICITT) and Rosalía Morales (NIC Costa Rica) were part of the panel, which was moderated by Oscar Robles (LACNIC).

In the afternoon, keynote speaker Gabriel Montenegro of Microsoft and Chair of the IETF Working Group on IoT implementations, gave a presentation titled "Io6: IoT over IPv6, where he addressed the reasons why IPv6 is necessary, the challenges faced by IPv6, the current status of the market and standards.

Public Policy Forum
After lunch it was time for the Public Policy Forum, the space where policy proposals regarding the rules or policies for managing Internet resourced in Latin America and the Caribbean are presented, discussed, and approved.

First, the policy proposals currently under discussion at other RIRs were presented by representatives of each of these organizations:
Marco Schmidt (RIPE), Sean Hopkins(ARIN), Ernest Byaruhanga (AFRINIC), and Pablo Hinojosa (APNIC).

This time, the following three policy proposals were presented:

LAC-2016-2: IPv4 reserve pool for critical Internet infrastructure in the region, presented by Edmundo Cazarez. This proposal reached consensus and will now enter a 45-day call for comments period after which it will be ratified by the LACNIC Board.
LAC-2016-3: Remove the reference to a provider's "multihomed or non-multihomed" status, presented by Julião Braga. In this case, there was no call for consensus, as the author will submit a new version for discussion.
LAC-2016-5: Modify the size of initial IPv6 allocations, presented by Jordi Palet. The proposal did not reach consensus, so it will return to the policy mailing list for further discussion.
The full text of each policy proposal is available at: https://politicas.lacnic.net/politicas/list

Follow the debates and discussions on the Policy mailing list. If you still haven't done so, click here to subscribe: https://mail.lacnic.net/mailman/listinfo/politicas

Then, Oscar Robles, LACNIC CEO, presented a general report on the Fiscal and Electoral Commission results, as well as the Board member election process currently underway. He also shared an update on the evolution of LACNIC's membership base as well as on the on-line and in-person training activities offered by the organization.

To conclude, Robles highlighted some important events that took place this year, such as the study titled IPv6 Deployment for Social and Economic Development in Latin America and the Caribbean undertaken together with the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF), the 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award presented to Alejandro Pisanty, and the proposals submitted to the FRIDA Program.

We invite you to join us tomorrow for the LACNOG 2016 opening ceremony.

And remember to visit the LACNIC booth, where we will be providing information about LACNIC services and activities. Tomorrow, Wednesday, at the booth you'll find experts on Policies and Resource Requests.

The event kicked off this Monday 26 September at Hotel San José Palacio, where 600 registered participants had the chance to attend seven tutorials and the Forum for Incident Response and Security Teams, activities which were held in parallel.
Forum for Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST)
This FIRST Symposium and Technical Colloquium was designed with both FIRST members and other guests in mind. Its main goal was to share information regarding vulnerabilities, incidents, tools and other issues affecting secure operations and incident response.

Approximately 60 participants were present in the room for this forum.

For more information, go to https://www.first.org/events/colloquia/sanjose2016/program

Internet Number Resource Management
Instructor: Rodrigo Zambrana (LACNIC).

This tutorial was specifically designed for representatives of organizations that are already LACNIC members. During the tutorial, participants learned how to use LACNIC's Resource Management System, why and how to register sub-allocations to third parties, how to use the Whois service, update a block's or an organization's contact information, delegate a block's reverse resolution, and RPKI resource certification.

DNSSEC Tutorial
Instructor: Johan Ihren, Netnod

Various issues relating to DNS security have led the community to develop DNSSEC, a set of extensions to the base protocol for securing information provided by the domain name system.

This tutorial introduced participants to the basics of DNSSEC. Participants then completed practical exercises that allowed them to become familiar with the operational aspects of this technology.

Advanced IPv6 Tutorial
Instructors: Alejandro Acosta, LACNIC / Jordi Palet, Consulintel / Tomas Lynch, LACNOG/ Ariel Weher, LACNOG.

This tutorial was designed for participants with prior experience working with IPv6 seeking to further their knowledge on IPv6 operation. Contents included topics such as transition mechanisms, IPv6 in xDSL networks, IPv6 in LTE networks, and IPv6 addressing plans.

Introduction to SDN (Software Defined Networks) and NFV (Network Function Virtualization)
Instructors: José Miguel Guzmán,Whitestack / Gianpietro Lavado, Whitestack / Marcelo Fernández, Consultant.

Two concepts that are key to the development of public or private networks were presented during this tutorial: SDNs, i.e., programmatic networks capable of manipulating packets; and NFV, a concept that seeks to virtualize network devices so they can run from a datacenter. Instructors addressed topics such as SDN architecture, APIs, OpenFlow, ETSI Model, and migration strategies.

Tutorial: "Changing Internet Policies is Easy"
Instructors: Gianina Pensky, LACNIC / Juan Peirano and Alex Ojeda Mercado, Public Policy Forum Chairs

During this tutorial, participants learned how to modify the requirements for receiving IP addresses as well as the rest of the policies under which numbering resources are managed (IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and ASNs).

Subscribe to the Policy mailing list and keep up with the latest news: https://mail.lacnic.net/mailman/listinfo/politicas

Internet of Things (IoT) Tutorial
Instructors: Inés Robles, IETF / Álvaro Retana, CISCO / Gustavo Mercado, LACNOG

This tutorial consisted of an introduction to the Internet of Things (IoT), a detail of the technologies and protocols involved, most relevant applications, and future work.

Highlights of the program included the evolution of the Internet towards connecting everything, potential for development and innovation, P2P interactions, M2M, M2P,

related technologies, use cases, and available operating systems.

Tutorial: Best Practices in BGP Routing and RPKI
Instructors: Gerardo Rada and Guillermo Cicileo, LACNIC

This was a two-part tutorial.  The first session included an introduction to the BGP protocol, as well as recommendations and current best practices both for carriers/ISPs as well as for end-user organization environments.

The second session introduced some of the current trends in routing security, specifically origin validation using resource certification.

The day ended with a welcome cocktail. Participants met at 7:00 pm at the Costa Rica Beer Factory, where they shared a pleasant moment with their Latin American and Caribbean colleagues.

We invite you to join us tomorrow at 9:00 am (local Costa Rica time) for the opening ceremony. And don't forget to visit the LACNIC booth, where we will be providing information about LACNIC services and activities throughout the week. Tomorrow, Tuesday, we will inform our visitors about resource requests, LACNIC WARP, and IPv6.