Daily Recap

Thursday, May 5th began with three parallel activities: the LACTLD meeting, LAC-IX and a space reserved for LACNIC. 

LACTLD Meeting
In the morning, Leonid Todorov described the evolution of State involvement in ccTLDs in Asia-Pacific. This presentation was followed by a panel that discussed the relationship between ccTLDs, State and Government.

After the coffee break, Manuel Haces and Paul Wilson spoke about the TPP and its impact on Internet intermediaries.

LAC-IX Meeting
This meeting is a space where Latin American and Caribbean actors involved in the operation of Internet Exchange Points share their knowledge and experiences. This sharing among participants seeks to strengthen regional interconnection.

The meeting was held in Room 6.

The LACNIC meeting kicked off with updates from the other RIRs (AFRINIC, ARIN, APNIC, RIPE NCC), the NRO, the ASO, and the IANA. 

Oscar Robles, Chair of the NRO, presented an update with the latest news on the IANA functions stewardship transition. More information: https://www.nro.net/

After these updates, Gianina Pensky presented the current status of the IPv4 address exhaustion phases.

"IPv4 exhaustion Phase 2 was triggered on 10 June 2014, when LACNIC's pool of available IPv4 addresses reached the two final /11s," noted Gianina.

The status of the IPv4 block reserved for this phase is detailed below:

IPv4 addresses reserved for Phase 2 (/11):  4,194,304
IPv4 addresses assigned from this block: 2,719,232
IPv4 addresses available in this block:  1,475,072
Allocation of the /10 reserved for Phase 2:

ISP: 61.5%
End user: 3.1%
Available: 35.4%
Laura Kaplan and Guillermo Cicileo then presented a study on IPv6 deployment funded by the Development Bank of Latin America.  The study included research on different aspects, such as an analysis of the problems caused by the exhaustion of IPv4 addresses, advantages of the IPv6 protocol and methods for its deployment, the behavior of the various players, economic issues and modeling of alternatives, and best practices and success stories.

For more information about this project, go to http://portalipv6.lacnic.net/caf-lacnic/

To conclude, Carlos Martínez presented some global statistics on IPv4 transfers.

After the coffee break, it was once again time for the Public Policy Forum, a space where policy proposals regarding the rules or policies that govern how Internet resources are managed in Latin America and the Caribbean are presented, discussed and approved.

This time, the following policy proposals were presented:

LAC-2016-3: Remove the reference to a provider's "multihomed or non-multihomed status." This proposal was sent back to the policy list for further discussion.
LAC-2016-4: Modify direct IPv6 address assignments to end users. This proposal reached consensus and is now in its last call for comments period.
LAC-2016-5: Modify the size of initial IPv6 allocations. This proposal reached consensus and is now in its last call for comments period.
LAC-2016-6: Modify the initial assignment size and the requirements for subsequent direct IPv6 assignments to end sites.
Detailed information on each of these policies is available at https://politicas.lacnic.net/politicas/list

Follow the discussions on the Policy mailing list. If you haven't already done so, click here to subscribe to the list: https://mail.lacnic.net/mailman/listinfo/politicas

Interconnection Forum
The Regional Interconnection Forum met in Room 1 after lunch, from 2:00 to 6:00 pm, and was moderated by Fabián Mejía.

The goal of the Regional Interconnection Forum, known by its Spanish acronym as FIR, is to bring together Internet exchange point operators and their members to promote peering agreements, receive updates from the various NAPs in our region, share NAP-related technological advances, and discuss regional interconnection i Latin America and the Caribbean.

Several presentations were made during the Forum. If you'd like further information, these presentations can be downloaded at http://www.lacnic.net/web/eventos/lacnic25-agenda-interconexion

Room 3 welcomed FLIP6 and LACSEC. Details of the presentations made during these sessions are available at the following links:

The day ended with the Peering Forum cocktail, which was held in the Hotel Palco Protocols Room. This space offers network operators and other members of the industry the opportunity to meet, share ideas and experiences, and discuss future Internet interconnection activities.

Wednesday, May 4th began with three parallel activities: the FLIP6 Forum, the LACTLD meeting, and the CSIRTs meeting.

Latin American IPv6 Forum (FLIP 6)
FLIP6, the Latin American IPv6 Forum, seeks to promote and encourage IPv6 adoption throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The Forum also promotes the sharing of experiences in the implementation of IPv6-based services and applications in our region.

Azael Fernández, FLIP6 Chair, welcomed attendees and described some of the channels through which they can participate in IPv6 discussions, including the IPv6 portal, the @LACTF Twitter account, and the discussion list.

Leading international experts participated in the Forum and presented on topics relating to security, business cases, corporate networks, mobile broadband, as well as success stories and techniques for transitioning to the new IPv6 protocol.

Keynote speakers included Tom Coffeen, IPv6 Evangelist at Infoblox, who spoke about DHCPv6 operational challenges. Latif Ladid, Chair of the IPv6 Forum, also gave a keynote presentation on IPv6-based 5G networking enabled by SDN-NFV, Cloud computing and the Internet of Things.

Likewise, Jaime Olmos de la Cruz (University of Guadalajara) spoke about deploying SDN technologies hand in hand with IPv6.

Also worth noting were the presentations by Eduardo Barasal (NIC.br), an analysis of IPv6 implementation in OpenWrt; Jorge I. Blanco, who spoke about a scalable routing strategy for the transition and adoption of IPv6; and Jordi Palet, who compared different IPv6 transition mechanisms.

To conclude, Alejandro Acosta (LACNIC) presented the project for a new podcast system called Doctor IPv6, which will address questions sent to dr.ipv6@lacnic.net regarding any topic having to do with IPv6 deployment.

After the coffee-break there was a presentation about new gTLDs in Latin America.

"New gTLD registries will grow rapidly in the coming months, especially after the Olympic Games, as the .rio domain will appear on billions of devices worldwide and, for the first time, people will become aware of the existence of new gTLDs," explained Urs Erös.

LACTLD Meeting
During the LACTLD policy workshop, participants had the chance to learn about the role of ccTLDs within national Internet Governance arenas. Manuel Haces and Pablo Rodríguez presented an update on the work of the policy working group.

Carlos Álvarez of ICANN spoke about contractual policy to mitigate DNS abuse.  Later, a panel of experts discussed different approaches to cybersecurity and actions by ccTLDs.

After lunch, there was a panel on Internet Governance, followed by a panel on the status of the IANA transition.

Meeting of Latin American and Caribbean Computer Security Incident Response Teams
This meeting has become a workplace for Latin American and Caribbean actors to share security-related issues. This sharing of knowledge among participants aims at strengthening the region in terms of computer security incident prevention and impact mitigation.

The LAC CSIRT meeting was very successful: the turnout was approximately 60 participants and the presentations addressed various topics related to cybersecurity.

M3AAWG presented itself before our community, while Cert.Br presented a document published by the organization just two weeks ago and titled Recommendations for Improving the DDoS Attack Scenario.

Anthony Harris was in charge of the first of the afternoon's presentation, during which he spoke about the ISP group at ICANN.

This presentation was followed by the panel "Inspiring Women to Engage in ICTs" with the participation of Ayanna Samuels, Ana Torres (Wikimedia) and Inés Robles (IETF).

Anna Torres explained and presented her work at Wikimedia. Likewise, Ayanna Samuels highlighted the impact of gender equality in the ICT sector and described some of the barriers that are hindering this work.

Within the framework of this panel, Inés Robles shared her experience in the IETF Routing Over Low and Lossy Networks (ROLL) working group.

Graciela Martínez, Head of LACNIC WARP, presented the organization's Warning Advice and Reporting Point. http://warp.lacnic.net/

LACNIC Public Policy Forum
The Public Policy Forum met after the afternoon coffee-break. LACNIC's Public Policy Forum is the place for presenting, discussing, and approving policy proposals seeking to establish or modify the rules or policies that govern Internet resource management in Latin America and the Caribbean.

On this opportunity, participants heard presentations about the policy development process, the chairs' report, and some of the policy proposals under discussion:

LAC-2016-1: Settling IPv4-IPv6 connectivity disputes when only one of the protocols is supported. Author: Juan José Hernández Magro, Alestra. After considering the comments received during the meeting as well as on the mailing list, it was decided to send the proposal back to the list for further discussion.
LAC-2016-2: IPv4 reserve pool for critical Internet infrastructure in the region. In the end, this policy was abandoned.
Wednesday came to a close with a social event at Club Habana. 

The LACNIC 25 opening ceremony took place at 9:00 am in Room 1 of Havana's Palacio de Convenciones. The ceremony was attended by more than 505 participants from 42 different countries. Mayra Arevich Marín (Executive Director of ETECSA), Wardner Maia (Chairman of the LACNIC Board), Eduardo Santoyo (LACTLD Chair) and Ariel Graizer (LAC-IX Chair) were in charge of the opening remarks.

Mayra Arevich highlighted the work of her organization, which works to build and promote Internet development in Cuba.

Wardner Maia welcomed everyone and spoke of the evolution of LACNIC over the thirteen years since the last event the organization organized in Cuba in 2003.

The opening ceremony was followed by the general LACNIC/ LAC-IX/LACTLD session, during which Oscar Robles, Ariel Graizer and Eduardo Santoyo presented some information and an update from each of their organizations.

Oscar Robles spoke of the evolution of LACNIC's membership base, IPv6 deployment in the LAC region, as well as the elections held in recent months.

He also mentioned other highlights of the past few months, including a diagnosis of the current status of IPv6 deployment with a view to the development of Latin America and the Caribbean prepared jointly with the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF), and the evolution of the organization's training capabilities and the LACNIC Campus, through which more than 1,500 individuals have received training.

The joint plenary session on the evolution of the Internet began at 11:20 am. Eduardo Santoyo and Ariel Graizer participated in this session, where they presented the annual reports of both LAC-IX and LACTLD.

The panel titled "Past, Present and Future of the Internet in Latin America and the Caribbean" began at 11:15 am, moderated by Jorge Villa. Ariel Graizer (LAC-IX), Eduardo Santoyo (LACTLD), Ricardo Patara (NIC.br) and Germán Valdez were part of the panel.

Ariel Graizer presented an overview of the evolution of Internet exchange points over the thirteen years since the LACNIC 5 meeting was held in Cuba in 2003.

Eduardo Santoyo highlighted the strengthening of regional dialogue spaces and the maturity of the regional community within the global scenario.

Ricardo Patara explained how the assignment of the address blocks allocated by the IANA to the Regional Internet Registries (ARIN, APNIC, AFRINIC, LACNIC y RIPE NCC) has evolved over the past thirteen years.

German Valdez described the Tunis Agenda, spoke of the development of Internet Governance and regional level, and encouraged creating and maintaining spaces for dialogue and participation as well as capacity-building and public policy development.

The panel on "Government Plans for IPv6 Deployment in the Region" began at 2:00 pm with the participation of Nayreth González (AIG, Panama), Rosa Zúñiga Quesada (MICITT, Costa Rica), and César Díaz (LACNIC) as moderator.

This panel showcased several actions implemented by the governments of Panama and Costa Rica. Nayreth González presented the national multi-service network operated by the government of Panama and the Panamanian Committee for IPv6 Adoption, among others.

Rosa Zuñiga shared some of the plans of the Costa Rican government aimed at promoting IPv6 adoption along with some of the difficulties they have encountered in this process. She also described the national plan for the development of Telecommunications, technical training on IPv6 deployment, and their cooperation with Internet Service Providers.

Finally, LACNIC's Annual Member Assembly met from 3:30 to 6:00 pm and voted on several issues that are relevant to the organization and its members.

More than 425 participants met on Monday, 2 May 2016, at the registration desk set up at Havana's Palacio de Convenciones to register for the event and participate in the seven tutorials scheduled for the day.

Tutorial: Basic IPv6
This tutorial was held from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm in Room 4. Alejandro Acosta (LACNIC ) and Ariel Weher (LACNOG) explained different IPv6 technologies and deployment techniques. Contents included IPv4 exhaustion, issues with NAT, types of IPv6 addresses, packet captures, among others.

Tutorial: Advanced IPv6
Instructor: Alejandro D´Egidio, Telecentro

This tutorial was designed for participants with prior experience in IPv6 who were looking to broaden their knowledge on how this protocol works. Contents included topics such as how to define an addressing plan, internal and external routing in IPv6, IPv6 in the last mile, prefix assignment using SLAAC, DHCPv6, and transition mechanisms.

Tutorial: Monitoring and Peering 
Instructors: Pablo Cuello, ANTEL/Santiago Aggio, ARIU

This tutorial analyzed the basics of Traffic Exchange, Peering, and CDNs, as well as their business relationships and relevant technical aspects. Specific topics addressed in this workshop included how, who with, and where to implement peering relationships, what type of traffic exchanges to use, how to analyze network traffic in order to make better interconnection decisions, where to register peering sites and polices, and best practices for using BGP for peering.

The basic theory of IPv6 and tools for monitoring networks and interconnection link traffic were also analyzed.

Tutorial: Introduction to Essential Internet Technologies
Instructors: Mariela Rocha, ARIU/Nayreth Gonzalez, AIG/Michela Galante, RIPE NCC

This tutorial covered the basic topics an organization needs to know in order to begin connecting to the Internet. These included DNS and DNSSEC, basic notions of routing and BGP, tools for monitoring and managing a network operating center, and the RIPE Atlas Project.

Tutorial: Internet Numbering Resource Management 
Instructor: Rodrigo Zambrana, LACNIC.

This tutorial was specifically designed for representatives of organizations that are already LACNIC members. During the tutorial, participants learned how to use LACNIC's Resource Management System, register sub-allocations to third parties, use the Whois service, update a block's or an organization's contact information, and delegate a block's reverse resolution.

Tutorial: The Internet of Things (IoT)
Instructors: Inés Robles, Ericsson / Álvaro Retana, LACNOG

This tutorial offered an introduction to the Internet of Things (IoT), a description of the technologies and protocols it involves, its main applications and future work in the area.

Program highlights included the evolution of the Internet towards the connection of everything; potential for development and innovation; related technologies such as Big Data, Analytics, Virtualization, Cloud, Fog, and others.

Cases of use, available operating systems, research topics and semantic interoperability were also discussed.

Tutorial: Changing Internet Policies is Easy
Instructor: Gianina Pensky, LACNIC

Description: This was a unique opportunity to engage with the regional Internet community and begin having a say in the decisions that determine how Internet number resources are managed. It also included a discussion of the proposals submitted during the LACNIC 25 Public Policy Forum, the various forms of participation available, and a success story.

For more information on the Policy Development Process, go to: http://www.lacnic.net/web/lacnic/politicas

Finally, a session was held in Room 4 during which Ernesto Majó —LACNIC's Deputy CEO—, the Co-Chairs of the Public Policy Forum, and the Chairs of LACSEC and FLIP6 welcomed more than 120 newcomers and explained the dynamics of a LACNIC event.

The day ended with a welcome cocktail, for which participants met at 7:30 pm at Hotel Meliá Habana and shared a pleasant moment with their Latin American and Caribbean colleagues.