Daily Recaps

1st November 2013.-  Today was the last day of the LACNIC 20-LACNOG2013 regional event, "Committed to the Future of the Internet," which was held at the World Trade Center Curacao from 28 October to 1st November, in Willemstad, Curacao.

This meeting is among the most relevant annual events for the Latin American and Caribbean Internet community, and it seeks to create a forum for participants to share their experiences and discuss key issues on the future of the Internet in our region. Approximately 300 experts attended the meeting, among them Internet organization leaders, members of academia, as well as government and civil society representatives.

The day began at 9:00am (local Curacao time, UTC -4:00 hours) with the panel on IPv6: Implementation Techniques and Success Stories, featuring Jan Zorz (ISOC) and Guy Tal (Verizon). One of the current challenges in this area involves explaining and creating awareness on the post-IPv4 exhaustion scenario and showcasing some of the first successful IPv6 implementation initiatives.

The third part of the Public Policy Forum was then held in the Exhibition room, where interested participants were able to share their different views on key policies for a secure and stable transition to IPv6. 

Highlights of this session included:

LACNIC Services Report - Luisa Villa, LACNIC
RPKI Implementation and BGP Origin Validation in Ecuador - Fabián Mejía, AEPROVI
LACNIC: RIPE ATLAS Ambassador - Alejandro Acosta, LACNIC
Certiv6 - Luisa Villa, LACNIC
IPv4 Leasing - Juan Alejo Peirano, LACNIC
APNIC Update (Video) - Pablo Hinojosa, APNIC
LAC-2013-01 Publishing information on reassigned IP address blocks via FTP
LACNIC Projects and Training Activities - Ernesto Majó, LACNIC
LACNIC 20 - LACNOG 2013 Report - Ernesto Majó, LACNIC
The afternoon's activities included the panel on the Evolution of LACNOG, followed by the session on Securing DNS Servers: Best Configuration Practices and Rate Limiting, presented by Carlos Martínez. The presentation has discussed the anatomy of distributed denial of service attacks using DNS amplification, including the role of open recursive servers.

This presentation was followed by two lightning talks, one on Reducing Energy Usage at Datacenters and the other on New Generation of Network Structure.

The day's final activity was the CaribNOG meeting (the group of Caribbean Network Operators), which was held in the Exhibition Room. Speakers were Stephen Lee, Bevil Wooding, Eldert Louisa and Nico Scheper. 

Stephen Lee presented the Caribbean IXP Journey and Steve Spence talked about the cloud adoption in the Caribbean. This last presentation looked at the reality of implementing and utilizing cloud services in the Caribbean region from the perspective of a service provider. It discussed bandwidth, user expectations vs. feasibility and gives practical lessons learned.

CaribNOG is a dedicated community of network operators and stakeholders committed to providing the Caribbean region with a forum. This meeting focused on sharing technical experiences and expertise, building technical capacity and knowledge and advocating relevant technical approaches and solutions for the region.

The event closed on a high note with the 6:00pm (Curacao local time- UTC -4:00 hours) closing ceremony.

Thursday October 31st 2013, was opened with the keynote presentation by David Lemereis from 9:20-10:00 (Curaçao local time- UTC -4:00 hours). Lemereis, a freelance journalist, internet TV personality and a speaker, fascinated the audience with his frontline knowledge the latest scientific and technological developments. According to David the future is not tomorrow; the future is now. Science is advancing at such pace that it's no longer just about discovery but ever increasingly about scientific mastery. Video for this presentation will be available soon at LACNIC 20's YouTube channel. You can download the slides here: …

of LACNIC Annual Activities Report by Raul Echeberria. LACNIC Executive Director explained the current situation of LACNIC and all the activities held during this year.

At 10:15 am took place the second part of LACNIC Public Policy Forum.

Highlights of this meeting included:

Restfull WHOIS Presentation - Carlos Martínez, LACNIC.
RIR Updates.
RIPE Report - Axel Pawlik, RIPE NCC
ARIN Report        
AfriNIC Report        
APNIC Report       
ASO Report- Ricardo Patara.
NRO Report - Axel Pawlik, RIPE NCC.
IANA Report.
LAC-2012-08v3: Inter-RIR IPv4 addresses transfers - Edmundo Cazárez, NIC.mx.
LAC-2013-02: Principles Governing the Distribution of Number Resources - Ricardo Patara, NIC.br.
LAC-2012-01v3: Eliminate the use of the term "dial-up" - Ricardo Patara, NIC.br.
IPv4 Leasing - Juan Alejo Peirano, LACNIC.
After lunchtime, Carlos Martínez presented "Some considerations on log management for Incident Response ".  CNG technology makes it more difficult to track or log the services accessed by each network user.  With multiple users grouped on a single IP address, it is no longer enough to simply log that address – we must also log the port(s) of origin.

The National Network Operators Groups panel was held  in the Exhibition Hall (Speakers: Alex Ojeda, Hernán Seoane Alex Ojeda, NOG Chile, Hernán Seoane, Nicolas Antoniello, Ricardo Patara, Vicente De Luca).

LACNOG aims at promoting discussions among local operators so that each country's operational issues can be debated at internal level. The purpose of local NOGs is to create a community of operators within each country, a space for the technical community to get to know each other, share experiences, and eventually schedule regular meetings.

Following the coffee break, Fernando Gont caught the audience's eye with his presentation entitled "Past, Present, and Future of IPv6 Fragmentation and IPv6 Extension Headers". Gont, a security researcher and consultant at SI6 Networks (www.si6networks.com), led many of the current efforts in the area of IPv6 security improvements and best practices.

The day concluded in the Exhibition Hall, with a session in which Carlos Martinez- Research and Development Engineer at LACNIC presented "Exposing IPv6 Services using stateless NAT64".

Wednesday October 30th began with these LACNIC 20's parallel activities;

LAC-IX  Meeting

LAC-IX , the meeting of the Internet Traffic Exchange Point Operators that promotes networking in the LAC region, was held at Datu Room from 9:00- 13.00 (Curaçao local time).  Some of their targets are to increase the Internet Traffic in the region and support governments on policies, statistics related to Internet exchange traffic.  

Internet Governance Session

This session, presented by Raúl Echeberría- LACNIC's Executive Director, took place at the Exhibition Hall from 9:00- 10.30 am (Curacao local time- UTC -4:00 hours) . One of most relevant aims of the gathering was to strength the participation of all stakeholders in Internet Governance in the face of proposals to increase government control.

Nowadays, Internet Governance is taking a relevant place due to the recent and historical events that have just happened such as the Montevideo Statement. This document summarizes the point of view of ten leaders of the organizations responsible for coordination of the Internet technical infrastructure globally to consider current issues affecting the future of the Internet.

Echeberria explained the previous happenings related to Internet Governance and some of the new mechanisms in this field such as the Internet Governance Forum or the Multistakeholder Advisory Group, which have increased the participation of stakeholders in the international agenda.

After these activities, the LACNIC Public Policy Forum was held. Highly relevant presentations were made and policy proposals were discussed in relation to the IPv4 exhaustion process.

Highlights of this forum included:

Opening ceremony and presentation of the general program by Nicolás Antoniello and Max Larson
Moderators report
Description of the policy development process
IANA report, presented by Elise Gerich
IPv4 exhaustion.  A vision towards a new Internet, by Arturo Servín.
Registration Services Processes during IPv4 Exhaustion, by Juan Alejo Peirano, LACNIC
LAC-2013-03 Adapting the allocation / assignment policy for IPv4 exhaustion - Carlos Plasencia, BT.
The afternoon session opened with a keynote presentation, Best Current Operational Practices, by Jan Zorz of the Internet Society.  The Internet Society is engaged in talking to different Network Operators¹ Groups (NOGs) and trying to help them start regional Best Current Operational Practices (BCOP) efforts and activities. Encouraging these regional NOGs to document how they run their networks and deploy these new technologies.

Then, from 3:00-3:30 pm, it was the LACNOG working groups panel's turn (Guillermo Cicileo, Arturo Servin, Alvaro Retana). In 2013, several working groups focusing on specific tasks began operating within LACNOG. The panel will feature those responsible for each working group, who will describe their objectives, participation mechanisms, and contributions to the community. New working groups scheduled to begin working will also be announced.

After this session there were two presentations: IX Update, by Job Witteman (AMS-IX CEO), and The New GTLDs – ISPs at ICANN, by Tony Harris.

Next, Julimar Lunguinho Mendes, presented PTT.br's Quarentine System . The presentation described the quarantine system used for activation and support testing at PTT.br. The idea is to keep incorrect configurations and traffic from affecting active participants and to allow troubleshooting the problems of participants already in operation, maintaining the current structure's safety.

Finally, Francisco Minervini- Ministry of Communications of Brazil, Paul Scott -  Columbus and Nico Scheper presented New Submarine Cables panel. The panel has presented projects for deploying new submarine cables in our region.

Wednesday closed on a high note with a social event in Fort Nassau Curaçao http://www.fortnassau.com/

LACNIC 20's Opening Ceremony was held today, Tuesday October 29th at 9.00 am (Curaçao local time, UTC -4:00 hours). More than 300 attendees from 20 countries in the LATAM and Caribbean region joined us in the Exhibition Hall at the World Trade Center Curaçao.

This activity was attended by Elgeline Martis, who served as master of ceremonies, as well as by experts and presenters such as Joao De Canha, Director of the Bureau Telecommunication and Post; Ricardo Patara, LACNOG Chair; Raúl Echeberría, LACNIC's Executive Director; and Earl Balborda, Minister of Traffic, Transport and Urban Planning, who left a video message as he was unable to be present in the room.

"This meeting is a great opportunity to meet all our Latin American and Caribbean colleagues and people with important technical capabilities," noted Patara. In turn, Raúl Echeberría added that this meeting is a space aimed at generating critical mass, debating, and promoting social and economic development.

Joao de Canha and Earl Balborda highlighted Curacao as the Caribbean telecommunications hub and noted the major growth and development Internet penetration is exhibiting in the country.

Following the opening ceremony, a "Keynote presentation on Security" took place, where information security and incident handling was presented by Cristine Hoepers.

Next, "A stable and secure Internet: current and Emerging Challenges" panel was held were Internet Security and challenges related to this field were discussed. In addition, LACNIC's Stability Action Plan was presented by Carlos Martinez, the Research and Development Engineer at LACNIC. The session was moderated by Cristine Hoepers, the General Manager at CERT.br. The speakers were; Elgeline Martis, Head of the Caribbean Cyber Emergency Response Team (CARICERT) in Curaçao.

The full video of these three sessions will be available online at the event website (eventos.lacnic.net/lacnic20) and LACNIC 20's youtube channel starting tomorrow, Wednesday 30th, after 7pm local time.

At lunchtime, a new edition of LACNIC's "Women and IT" was held at Gallery Hall 2. This space within LACNIC events promotes networking and discussion on the participation of women in technology.  IT expert Elgeline Martis , Head of the Caribbean Cyber Emergency Response Team (CARICERT) in Curaçao, shared her working experience in a field mostly  CARICERT is the national CSIRT founded by Bureau Telecommunicatie & Post (BT&P) with the focus to offer its services in the Caribbean. Near 40 female LACNIC 20- LACNOG 2013 attendees joined us for this meeting.

In the afternoon, LACNOG opening and keynote presentation sessions took place as well as the Latin American and Caribbean Security Incident Response Teams (CSIRTs) meeting. This meeting has invited all the incident response teams to present their "team updates" where they outlined the current challenges which are facing to.

LACNOG,  the Latin American and Caribbean Network Operators Group is a forum for discussing, learning and collaborating on topics directly related to Internet network operation. Some of the speakers where Alvaro Retana - Engineer in Cisco Technical Services, Paul Ebermans- Infoblox IPv6 Center of Excellence and Christian Martin- Director of Network Architecture.

Alvaro Retana, recognized expert in network architecture and the design and deployment of routing protocols, presented the impact of the IEFT.

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is where the standards for the protocols we use on the Internet are developed and agreed upon. The IETF is an open group of volunteers from different countries that works largely through email lists. Several major technical and non-technical issues currently under discussion at the IETF were presented, including the need to enhance diversity by incorporating more participants from our region.

In turn, Paul Ebersman explained IPv6 challenges above layer 3. While IPv6 is a layer 3 protocol, many of the issues are at higher layers, like in applications. This talk detailed some of the bigger operational and programming challenges.

Next, Christian Martin introduced Segment Routing, a simple breakthrough in network engineering technology that may add benefit to IP and MPLS network operations.

Finally, Paul Ebersman, presented a session named "DNS Victim or Attacker ". This talk discussed the attacks and defenses happening on the internet.

From 18:00- 19:00 pm the LACNIC – LACNOG Sponsored participants session was celebrated. This meeting consisted of a presentation about LACNIC and LACNOG scholarship program and its benefits.

The daily activities ended with the Peering Forum, which is a space that provides the opportunity for the region´s major Internet Service Providers, Content Providers, and Internet Exchange Points to discuss and negotiate peering and transit agreements.

This Monday, October 28th 2013, almost 250 people came on the first day of registration at the World Trade Center Curaçao to pick up the materials and participate in the six proposed parallel tutorials. We thank the participants from more than 20 countries in the region, who have joined us in Curaçao, the island known as the Caribbean trade center.

We invite you to read these daily updates on the activities during LACNIC 20- LACNOG 2013, available at the event website (eventos.lacnic.net/lacnic20) and printed at the registration desk in spanish, english and portuguese.

This time, the Forum of Incident Response Teams (FIRST) was also being held alongside the six technical tutorials (IPv6 Monitoring, BGP Routing and RPKI, DNSSEC, Internet Resource Management, IPv6 in Mobile and Fixed Access Networks, and the IETF Session).

FIRST (Forum of Incident Response Teams)
This first FIRST Technical Colloquia & Symposia, opened to both FIRST members and invited guests, was held from 9:00-18:00 and its aim was to share information about vulnerabilities, incidents, tools and all other issues that affect the operation of incident response and security teams.

For more information on this please visit http://www.first.org/events/colloquia/curacao2013 .

These six technical tutorials, presented today at 9.00 hours (Curaçao local time- UTC -4:00 hours) with participation of over 200 people were;

IPv6 Monitoring Tutorial
Instructors:  Santiago Aggio (CCTBB CONICET) and Arturo Servín (LACNIC)

This tutorial has presented different ways of monitoring both dual stack IPv6-IPv4 networks and IPv6-only networks. Protocols such as SNMP, Netflow, and others have been analyzed, as well as other tools that can be useful for monitoring traffic, applications and services over IPv6.

BGP Routing and RPKI Tutorial
This tutorial, presented by Alvaro Retana (Cisco Systems), Carlos Martínez-Cagnazzo (LACNIC), Hans Reyes (CUDI) and Nicolás Antoniello , was been divided in two parts; the first session  the basics of the BGP protocol as well as basic operational aspects in carrier environments were presented. The second session, some of the new trends in routing security, specifically origin validation using resource certification (RPKI),  were introduced.

DNSSEC Tutorial
Instructors: Juan Alejo Peirano (LACNIC),  Joao Damas (Dyn)

Students were introduced to the basics of DNSSEC and performed practical practical activities that allowed them to become familiar with the operational aspects of this technology.

Internet Resource Management
Instructor: Elisa Peirano (LACNIC)

In this tutorial participants have learnt how to how to use LACNIC's Resource Management System, use the WHOIS service and properly configure reverse DNS delegations.

IPv6 in Mobile and fixed Access Networks
Instructors: Tomás Lynch –Ericsson, Rodrigo Regis- NIC.br

This tutorial presented the different technologies and techniques used by last-mile access providers (both fixed and mobile) to deploy IPv6.

IETF Session
Speaker: Alvaro Retana- Cisco System

During this tutorial there was described many aspects of the IETF, with the goal of explaining to newcomers how the IETFworks.

The day concluded in the Exhibition Hall room, with a session in which Ernesto Majó (LACNIC) and Ricardo Patara (LACNOG) welcomed and explained the dynamics of LACNIC- LACNOG events to more than 70 new registered participants.