Technology and Governance for an Open and Secure Internet

LACNIC 19 REPORT

LACNIC 19 was held in Medellin, Colombia from May 5th to May 10th, 2013 and was hosted by INTERNEXA. The event was attended by 460 delegates from 37 different countries (24 Latin American and Caribbean countries and 13 countries in other regions). Almost 33% of delegates represented the host country.

Participants included representatives of different sectors such as governments, academia, ISPs, NAP and ccTLD operators, content providers, security experts, international carriers, other Regional Internet Registries, ICANN, and Civil Society.

Simultaneous interpretation was provided in three languages (Spanish, English and Portuguese) for all plenary sessions, which were also broadcast via web streaming.

The following is a summary of the most important activities that took place during the event.

TUTORIALS

On Sunday, May 5th and Monday, May 6th the following tutorials were held:

  • Introduction to IPv6, Theory and Practice – Jordi Palet, Consulintel
  • Internet Routing with BGP and RPKI (parts 1 and 2) – Alvaro Retana, Cisco Systems / Carlos Martinez-Cagnazzo, LACNIC.
  • DNSSEC (parts 1 and 2) – Richard Lamb, ICANN / Gonzalo Romero, .CO Internet
  • Security Incident Management for Internet Service Providers - (parts 1 and 2) – Eduardo Carozo, ITC - Antel/ Giovanni Cruz.
  • LACNIC Services: Managing Internet Resources – Sergio Rojas / Gerardo Rada / Carlos Martinez, LACNIC.
  • Advanced IPv6 – Antonio Moreiras, NIC.br / Alejandro Acosta
  • IPv6 for Decision Makers – Juan Carlos Alonso / Arturo Servín, LACNIC.

The material presented at these workshops is available at:

Sunday - https://www.dropbox.com/sh/tw8r5zu6utn40v6/gQ9K-pNl6k

Monday - https://www.dropbox.com/sh/s1spf6a6tf9lzzb/s0-5vKrUy6

SESSION FOR FIRST-TIME PARTICIPANTS

More than 90 attendees participated in this informative session for those attending a LACNIC event for the first time.

During the session, Ernesto Majo, LACNIC 's Communications Manager, presented an introduction to Lacnic, the event's general structure, and the program for the Medellin event.

LAC GOVERNMENTS WORKING GROUP

LACNIC 19 hosted the 6th Latin American and Caribbean Governments Working Group meeting. This group is made up by officials representing various government agencies of countries throughout the region (telecommunications regulators, telecommunications ministries or secretariats, information society agencies, and other related entities) and is joined by observers from the regional technical Internet community.

During the meeting, government officials and LACNIC Board members and staff discussed institutional issues having to do with the organization, the status of IPv4 exhaustion, IPv4 address space recovery policies, the challenges posed by the transition to IPv6, as well as topics relating to the security and adoption of new technologies.

The meeting also included specific references to the Internet Governance debate, 10 years of WSIS, regional and global forums, and the topic of Enhanced Cooperation in particular.

LACNIC 19 OPENING CEREMONY

The LACNIC 19 opening ceremony was led by the General Manager of our local host (INTERNEXA), Colombian government authorities (IT Minister and Vice Minister), as well as representatives of Medellin's local government and members of the Lacnic and LACTLD Boards (as meeting organizers).

GENERAL SESSIONS

The Lacnic and LACTLD joint activities included a panel on The Internet Governance Agenda for the Next 5 Years. This first panel was followed later in the day by the panel on ICANN's Strategy for Latin America and the Caribbean.

Video recordings of both these panels are available on our YouTube channel at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-T35iPzDUo

Latin American IPv6 Forum, FLIP6

Alejandro Acosta, moderator of the FLIP6 Forum, presented an annual report on the activities carried out by the Latin American and Caribbean IPv6 Task Force.

This year's FLIP6 agenda was rich and diverse and the event attracted strong attendance. Highlights of the day include Mark Townsley's keynote presentation detailing the business case for IPv6, Alavaro Retana's talk on IPv6 on corporate networks, as well as the presentation by Sebastian Tobar and Cristian Perez who demonstrated an IPv6 mobility testbed.

No less important was Jordi Palet's update on Governments and Fernando Gont's update on his IPv6 Security Toolkit.

In addition, two excellent IPv6 discussion panels were held:

  • IPv6 Deployment in Mobile Broadband Services.
  • IPv6 Implementation Success Stories.

These presentations are available at:

https://www.dropbox.com/sh/wrtthp3pesh4pdu/F9zGnjAxA9/FLIP6

Women and IT Lunch

For the fourth time the LACNIC the event hosted a meeting for women in ICT, which was attended by more than 80 participants. During this lunch meeting, Radia Perlman (Security Forum keynote speaker), Valeria Betancourt (APC) and Ana Isabel Palacios (Medellin Mayor's Office) shared their experiences and personal points of view, interesting life experiences and other stories with the audience. There were also presentations on the topics each one of them is currently working on.

BoF

BoFs ('Birds of a Feather') are informal meet-ups with a central discussion topic which are organized outside of regular conference hours.

Two of these informal meetings were organized during LACNIC 19, one on DNS, the other on BGP and IPv6.

The DNS meeting was moderated by Mehmet Akcin (ICANN) and was attended by more than 20 people, most of them currently operating DNS servers including the operators of some of the region's ccTLDs.

The issues that were discussed include the following:

  • Strategies for promoting DNSSEC adoption among ccTLD users
  • Mitigating denial of service attacks, rate limiting and other techniques
  • Securing DNS servers: challenges and viable protection mechanisms

Towards the end of the meeting attendants engaged in a lively round of discussion.

The BGP BoF was moderated by Arturo Servin and was attended by more than 20 people from different organizations including Internet Service Providers, ccTLDs, universities and content providers. Discussions focused on BGP-related topics, among them traffic engineering, BGP configuration best practices, security, and RPKI.

One of the most commented topics was BGP announcement monitoring in order to detect problems such as route hijacking, route leaks, etc. It was also mentioned that it is important to develop tools to help solve some of these problems.

Last but not least, Wardner Maia presented a short tutorial on BGP configuration for MikroTik devices.

MEETING FOR SPONSORED PARTICIPANTS

LACNIC's financial assistance program helped more than 140 participants attend the Lacnic 19 event. An informative session was prepared with a detailed description of LACNIC's activities and the roles of each of its institutional bodies with the aim of encouraging member participation.

FOURTH Latin American and Caribbean CSIRT Meeting

The 4th Latin American and Caribbean CSIRT Meeting was held within the framework of Lacnic 19. This meeting was attended by close to 25 representatives of 15 security incident response teams, both operational and under creation. The meeting was also attended by a representative of the Organization of American States (OAS).

The meeting scheduled time for both open discussion and presentations, and the program addressed some of the issues identified as important in terms of Internet Security.

In particular, Brazil's experience with the implementation of 'Port 25 Management' was discussed, as well as the dramatic effect this had on the amount of spam originating in Brazilian networks. DNS amplification denial of service attacks were also discussed, as were possible mitigation techniques.

The OAS representative presented the organization's cybersecurity initiatives, as well as the cooperation and coordination activities the organization is leading in the region.

LACTLD MEETING

Already a tradition at Lacnic's annual events, LACTLD held its policy workshop and its member assembly during LACNIC 19.

The topics discussed can be found at:

http://www.lactld.org/wp-content/files_mf/lactldpoliticas5_52.pdf

PUBLIC POLICY FORUM

During the LACNIC 19 Public Policy Forum the following policy proposals were discussed:

LAC-2012-08v3 Inter-RIR IPv4 Address Transfers - There was no call for consensus. Both the moderators and the author agreed that the proposal required further discussion.

LAC-2012-13v2 Modifying Requirements for ASO AC Nominees - Consensus was reached; the proposal is currently in the last-call for comments period until June 24th, 2013.

The program also included two other proposals:

LAC-2012-01v3 Eliminate the Use of the Term 'Dial-Up' - The proposal was withdrawn by the author, yet it was briefly discussed during the session as it was considered a good proposal for updating the Policy Manual. A call was made for the creation of a working group to review the proposal text.

LAC-2012-11v2 Requirement to Sign Up for RPKI when Requesting Additional Resources - The proposal was withdrawn by the author.

The Forum also included a panel on IPv6 Deployment in Fixed Broadband Services.

In addition, updates from the other Regional Internet Registries and the IANA were presented, as were various NRO statistics.

Likewise, an election was held to appoint a LACNIC region representative to the ASO Address Council (ASO AC)/NRO Number Council (NRO NC). The election was scheduled in order to fill the position left vacant due to the resignation of Alejandro Guzman Giraldo. Jorge Daniel Villa Hernandez of Cuba was elected from among three candidates. He will hold this position until December 31st, 2014.

LACNIC's staff also presented reports on the organization's activities, new services and initiatives.

More information on the presentations and topics discussed during the LACNIC 19 Public Policy Forum are available at:

REGIONAL INTERCONNECTION FORUM

The Latin American and Caribbean Regional Interconnection Forum brought together content providers who use CDN technologies (Google, Netflix and Yahoo!) as well as Latin American and the Caribbean Internet Exchange Point administrators (PTTMetro, Cabase, AEPROVI), who were asked to comment on their plans for the region, the advantages of including CDNs in their IXP infrastructure, how IXPs are planning for expected growth in exchanged traffic, and what portion of traffic corresponds to content delivered by CDNs.

Highlights of the presentations include:

The representative of NAP CABASE Neuquén (Argentina) showed how the IXP improved perceived access quality for end users.

The Brazilian Communications Ministry representative presented their current efforts to boost content availability in Brazil, including incentives for the creation of Data Centers in the country's northeastern region. He also commented on the use of lower frequencies for mobile technologies with longer ranges in order to provide access in the rural areas of Brazil. He also mentioned how participating in IXPs is being made mandatory for companies having large market power.

Quito and Guayaquil IXPs' architecture for supporting RPKI was presented, as well as the case of how IXPs are helping smaller providers in Brazil.

Bijal Sanghani (Euro-IX) and Ariel Graizer (LAC-IX) reported on how European and Latin American and Caribbean IXPs are evolving.

LACSEC 8TH. NETWORK SECURITY EVENT FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

The event's agenda included presentations by security experts from the region and featured guest speakers. The highlight and most important presentation was the keynote by Radia Perlman: "Internet: Myths, missteps and mysteries." In the words of Fernando Gont, Moderator of the Security Forum, Radia succeeded in her presentation achieving a rare mixture of interesting content and enjoyable presentation.

Radia's presentation can be viewed on our list LACNIC 19 youtube

FLIP6 AND LACSEC PARALLEL TRACKS

For the first time both FLIP6 and LACSEC held parallel tracks with the event's main session and this allowed some talks to be presented in a more informal and relaxed environment. More than 50 people attended these tracks, which provided for a lively and dynamic discussion between speakers and attendees.

SESSION ON IPv6 FOR END USERS

On Wednesday, May 8th a small session was organized aimed at organizations in the "End-User" category. The goal of this session was to analyze the challenges faced by these organizations when deploying IPv6.

The session was attended by universalities, ccTLDs and financial institutions, some of them still in the process of deploying IPv6 while others have already deployed the new protocol.

IPv6 deployment issues discussed included the lack of native connectivity on the part of Internet Service Providers, the lack of training opportunities, the lack of awareness of the impact of IPv4 exhaustion (particularly on financial institutions), and the lack of proactive approaches for deploying IPv6 in universities – both in their services as well as in their curricula.

LACNOG - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN NETWORK OPERATORS FORUM

During the Network Operator's Forum session, LACNOG, Mike Holmes (Finisar) presented the new trends in optical connections. Jose Jaramillo (Internexa) presented a report on the evolution of interconnection within the region and the distribution among local and external traffic. Doug Madory (Renesys) presented a talk on the growth of the region's networks in terms of the number of ASNs and interconnection. Juan Camilo Cardona (IMDEA Networks) made a presentation on routing policies in BGP and their consequences.

To conclude, an announcement was made regarding LACNOC's structure, namely the creation of a Board and membership. The call for papers for LACNOG 2013 to be held in Curaçao from October 27th through November 1st was also announced.

LACNIC ANNUAL MEMBER ASSEMBLY

The annual report, balance sheets, and Fiscal Commission and External Auditor's reports as at December 31st, 2012 were approved with the unanimous vote of the Member Assembly.

New members of the Fiscal and Electoral Commissions were also elected. Mr. Cassio Vechiatti was reelected to his position on the Fiscal Commission for the next three years. The Member Assembly did not approve the candidacy presented for the Electoral Commission. According to the bylaws, Mr. Jose Enrique Diaz will continue in his position on the Electoral Commission for another three-year period.

LACNIC and the OAS Sign an Agreement on Cybersecurity

Through the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security (SMS), the Organization of American States (OAS) signed a cooperation agreement with Lacnic with the aim of strengthening both organizations' cybersecurity initiatives in the Americas.

The press release is available at http://www.lacnic.net/web/anuncios/2013-oea-lacnic

L-ROOT SERVER

During the event there was an informal talk on the current deployment of L-Root servers (administered by ICANN) in Latin America and the Caribbean. Those organizations already hosting L-Root copies as well as those interested in hosting one were invited.

L-Root server copies are installed under the agreement signed in 2011 between ICANN and Lacnic for deploying copies of this root server in Latin America and the Caribbean.

LACNIC would like to thank all those who made this event possible. A special thanks goes to the meeting's host and local organizer, INTERNEXA, and to all of the meeting's sponsors: O4IT, Nic.br/CGI.br, Antel, Google, Verizon-Terremark, Internet Society, ICANN, Afilias, Alcatel-Lucent, Nic Chile and the Medellin Mayor's Office for supporting the conference.